Mystery of Phar Lap’s death solved (AU)

PHAR LAP
Mystery Solved

— By HOLLY WERNER, Horse Illustrated, October 2008 Print Edition

Researchers Dr. Ivan Kempson and Dermot Henry announced on June 19 in a press conference at Australia’s Melbourne Museum that the beloved Australian racehorse Phar Lap ingested a massive, fatal dose of arsenic approximately 35 hours before his death.

Phar Lap died in California on April 5, 1932, just days after his only North American race. The mystery of his death has defied resolution for more than 75 years.

Kempson and Henry first received permission to take six strands of Phar Lap’s mane in 2005. Preliminary results released in October 2006 suggested that he had ingested arsenic, but there were no similarly preserved horses to compare the results to – to determine if the arsenic was actually from the taxidermy process. After additional funding came in from the Victorian Government, the final experiments were performed using hair samples from four newly available horse specimens preserved using arsenic.

Whether the fatal dosage was accidental from trainer Harry Telford’s homeopathic tonics (his recipes were known to contain arsenic and strychnine to stimulate appetite) or from an intentional poisoning by an outside is not known.

Groom Tommy Woodcock was serving as temporary trainer stateside, caring for Phar Lap while Telford remained in Australia, and Woodcock may have accidentally poisoned his beloved charge with the tonic.

Australia's most famous race horse, Phar Lap, won the Melbourne Cup in 1930. The following year, Melbourne photographer Henry Moran took this picture of the great horse with the son of Phar Lap's trainer, Harry Telford. Telford liked to put his small son, Gerald, on Phar Lap for photos.  Henry Moran submitted the photograph to the Copyright Office for copyright registration just over a week after it was taken on 9 November 1931. Only five months later Phar Lap died suddenly in the United States.  The photograph of young Gerald Telford astride Phar Lap is held by the National Archives with Moran's original copyright application.

It has also been speculated for decades that bookmakers who would lose money from a horse that won so reliably did not want Phar Lap to continue his racing campaign in the United States and might have ordered his death.

Phar Lap was foaled in New Zealand, where he was purchased in 1928 by Telford. He went on to win the 1930 Melbourne Cup, Australia’s biggest race, and 37 of his 51 starts, including the Agua Caliente Handicap in Mexico (the richest race in North America at the time), before his death at age 5.

Phar Lap’s hide was preserved and is on display at the Melbourne Museum. His skeleton is on exhibit at the Museum of New Zealand, and his heart is kept at the National Museum of Australia in Canberra.

See also Arsenic Killed Phar Lap.

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