Julián Castro Releases The Protecting Animals and Wildlife Plan

former Obama Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) and Mayor of San Antonio, Texas, Julián Castro, became the first candidate in the 2020 presidential field to unveil a platform focused on advancing the welfare of animals around the globe, both domestic and wild, raising standards for factory farms, encouraging conservation efforts, including an expansion of U.S. protected lands to 30 percent by 2030 with the goal of 50 percent by 2050.

Hey there, it’s Patsy again. I’m back and not a recipe in sight. Whether or not this ever actually happens, even if part of it does, I am in love with these ideas you’ll see coming up. We’ve got so much going on at The Horse Fund, I am helping out while my daughter is away at camp.

It’s in the form of a big old press release about Julián Castro’s PAW Plan. You’ll have to scroll all the way down to get to the horse bit.

Oh, never mind. Here’s the horse bit now.

“Protect horses by instituting a permanent ban on horse slaughter for human consumption, ban race-day doping of horses, and strengthen penalties and protections against horse soring. I respect the cultural importance of wild horses and support shifting Bureau of Land Management resources towards range management. This would include science-based data collection and the use of temporary fertility measures to manage the wild horse and burro population”.

Vivian has a much better idea concerning our wild horses, no fertility treatment or anything like it needed. She’s going to Washington this Fall to pitch it. They’re already very interested! It would save the Government millions too.

Don’t know if I ever mentioned this, I am so food focused, but my family rescued two of the sweetest Quarter Horses from slaughter a couple of years ago. They were so young. Only 3 and 4. We got them both because they were so scared and clinging to each other, biting at each other’s necks they were so nervous and scared. They are still inseparable but for all the right reasons. They are safe and happy. We want this for all horses wherever and however we can.

I will let my daughter learn to ride when she turns 13. Right now it’s all ground work for her, but she doesn’t care one bit. As my grandma used to say, you gotta learn horses from the ground up.

Speaking of “gottas”, we gotta end horse slaughter. Hope y’all are contacting your Reps and Senators. Please! Go here on Tuesday’s Horse to take action »


SAN ANTONIO, TX – On Monday, August 19, presidential candidate, former Obama Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) and Mayor of San Antonio, Texas, Julián Castro, became the first candidate in the 2020 presidential field to unveil a platform focused on advancing the welfare of animals around the globe, both domestic and wild, raising standards for factory farms, encouraging conservation efforts, including an expansion of U.S. protected lands to 30 percent by 2030 with the goal of 50 percent by 2050.

The “PAW (Protecting Animals and Wildlife) Plan”, released via Medium on Monday, proposes making animal abuse a federal crime, ending the killing of domestic dogs and cats for population control, strengthening the Endangered Species Act, creating a $2 billion National Wildlife Recovery Fund to protect wildlife populations, banning the use of federal lands for fossil fuel exploration and extraction, and eliminating the import of big-game trophies.

“The president does not care about animals and his cruel actions prove it. He has put corporate profits over living creatures and individual fortunes over our future,”said Secretary Julián Castro. “This groundbreaking plan will improve the treatment of animals around the country and the world, and undo Donald Trump’s damage.”

This evening at 6:00 PM CST, the Castro family will visit the Animal Defense League of Texas in San Antonio.

The PAW Plan can be viewed here and below:


Stop the killing of domestic cats and dogs. Over the last few decades, activism, animal welfare laws, and the practice of spaying and neutering pets has decreased the number of healthy dogs and cats euthanized in shelters from over 20 million in 1970 to under 1 million today. We can ensure that no healthy dogs and cats are killed, and that every pet can find a loving home. This requires supporting local communities and states, and implementing policies that strengthen animal welfare and responsible pet ownership.

Work to end the use of lethal methods of animal control and ensure domestic dogs and cats in shelters are able to live in humane conditions by supporting sustainable pet communities.

Support local communities in managing local domestic dog and cat populations. Over 23 million pets live in underserved communities and tens of millions of cats do not have owners, according to the Humane Society of the United States. The vast majority of these cats and dogs are not spayed or neutered. They contribute to a growing population that threatens people and wildlife.

Establish a $40 million Local Animal Communities grant program within the United States Department of Agriculture. This program would provide grants to local governments to expand access to veterinary care for vaccinations and spaying and neutering services in underserved communities, support cat programs that employ trap-neuter-return (TNR) methods including on military bases, increase assistance to enforce local animal welfare laws, and promote adoption by supporting local public information campaigns.

Support animal companionship in federal policy. Pets are considered family, and federal policy on housing should reflect that fact. Policies that support pet ownership improve the lives of pet owners and will lower the number of dogs and cats turned over to shelters or released into the community.

Implement pet-friendly, breed-neutral policies in federally-supported affordable housing construction and military housing. I have proposed $500 billion in affordable housing investments over ten years to build at least 3 million new homes and lower the cost of housing in the United States. These new affordable-housing units will be required to have pet-friendly policies.

Work with federally-supported homeless shelters to ensure pets belonging to homeless individuals seeking refuge are not prohibited entry. I am committed to ending child, family, and youth homelessness by 2024 and chronic homelessness by 2028. Reaching this goal will require additional investments into affordable housing, homelessness-intervention programs, de-criminalizing homelessness, and de-stigmatizing homelessness, including by recognizing the right of homeless individuals to have animal companions.

Establish a program to support pet-friendly, breed-neutral policies in public housing with technical and financial assistance. Oppose efforts to prohibit pets by public housing authorities.

Strengthen oversight of federally licensed dog breeders and close loopholes in enforcement of the Animal Welfare Act. Dog breeders must commit to minimum animal welfare standards in order to receive a federal license, but inspections are too often infrequent and infractions are commonly ignored with no repercussions. The Trump administration has also taken efforts to hide the names of breeders, animal dealers, and trainers from inspection reports published online. While many breeders maintain safe, sanitary, and humane conditions, the most egregious breeders, often referred to as puppy mills, hold dogs in unsanitary conditions and contribute to overpopulation.

Publish all USDA inspection reports of federally licensed dog breeders,including information identifying the breeder, and require pet stores to provide customers with reports on the conditions of the dog breeders.

Raise minimum comfort standards for dogs in the care of federally licensed breeders, including instituting increased space, veterinary care, and a socializing requirement under the Animal Welfare Act, and implement standards for dogs transported for long periods of time.

Ensure that federally licensed dog breeders that repeatedly violate Animal Welfare Act requirements face appropriate penalties, including revocation of federal licenses.

Close loopholes that allow breeders connected to animal abuse to continue operating animal breeding operations by passing the bipartisan WOOF! Act, sponsored by Congressman Brian Fitzpatrick and Rep. Charlie Crist in the House of Representatives.

Make animal cruelty a federal crime: In 2010, Congress applied criminal penalties for the creation, sale, and distribution of videos depicting animals being killed in inhumane ways in a broad and bipartisan effort. We need to pass the bipartisan PACT Act, introduced by Rep. Ted Deutch and Sen. Pat Toomey, and ensure these actions are prohibited, regardless of if they were filmed.

Strengthen animal welfare standards in factory farms. Broad reforms are needed in agriculture to support independent family farms, raise labor standards, and adopt sustainable practices. Animal welfare is directly linked to healthy and sustainable farming practices and is a key component of our broader efforts to combat climate change.

Establish minimum standards for animal welfare in agriculture including minimum space standards for livestock and poultry that improve healthy and sustainable farming practices.

Support funding for farms to participate in independent animal welfare certification programs to improve transparency of agricultural practices, with publicly available inspection reports to inform consumers.

Oppose efforts by states to institute “ag-gag” laws that silence whistleblowers, limit transparency, and have repeatedly been ruled unconstitutional.

Prohibit the testing of cosmetic products on animals. No animal should have to suffer when we develop perfumes, colognes, and soap when there are humane alternatives.

Ban unlicensed private ownership of big cats, such as lions and tigers. Thousands of lions, tigers, and other big cats that belong in the wild are in the hands of private owners. Some estimates indicate more tigers live in private ownership in the United States than in the wild. This poses a serious threat to public safety and welfare of these animals. We must transition these cats to conservation-oriented programs that are well-equipped to care for them.

Protect horses by instituting a permanent ban on horse slaughter for human consumption, ban race-day doping of horses, and strengthen penalties and protections against horse soring. I respect the cultural importance of wild horses and support shifting Bureau of Land Management resources towards range management. This would include science-based data collection and the use of temporary fertility measures to manage the wild horse and burro population.


Strengthen the Endangered Species Act. The Trump administration is weakening the Endangered Species Act, making it easier to remove or downgrade protections for animals. The climate crisis is putting over 1 million animal species at risk of extinction. I will ensure Endangered Species Act designations and classifications are created based on scientific facts, incorporating both the current and projected effects of climate change, reversing this administration’s actions.

Establish a $2 billion National Wildlife Recovery Fund. We are in the midst of a wildlife crisis. According to the National Wildlife Federation, more than 150 species in the United States have gone extinct and one-fifth of species worldwide are at a high risk of extinction. The National Wildlife Recovery Fund will provide at least $2 billion in funding each year for state and tribal governments, to protect, maintain, and strengthen wildlife populations.

Bolster Efforts on Habitat Conservation. Scientists have begun to sound the alarm that we are entering the early stages of a sixth mass extinction. We must protect urban wildlife populations by funding the protection and conservation of important wildlife corridors, as well as double down on U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s complex captive breeding and release efforts.

Rescind Trump administration efforts to undermine the Clean Water Act. The Trump administration’s to undermine environmental laws has been relentless, and one such effort is the ongoing effort to shrink the application of the Clean Water Act. I will overturn these changes to ensure that our rivers, wetlands, tributaries, and the communities and animals who live by them are protected.

Fund the development and implementation of rigorous systems of monitoring and evaluation for our biodiversity and development programs. Addressing the challenges to our environment requires data, and at the pace of how quickly animals and plants face extinction, the need is dire. We can, for the first time, understand how our policies affect everything from the insects that sustain our ecosystems to the charismatic megafauna that sustain our cultures.

Lead on international wildlife conservation. The threat of climate change and other human-related actions jeopardizes hundreds of animal and plant species around the world. Meeting the collective challenges of climate change demands U.S. leadership. We must take human accelerate climate change seriously and implement specific policies to protect threatened wildlife and our environment.

Crack down on trophy hunting to protect elephants, lions, rhinoceroses, and other animals. Protecting these majestic animals must first start with repealing repealing the Trump administration’s NRA loopholes that allow trophy hunting and enforcing strict penalties on the domestic ivory trade. We must go further and ensure that animals in the process of receiving a designation under the Endangered Species Act are covered under anti-trophy hunting import restrictions. These policies will be accompanied by working with countries these animals live in to improve conservation efforts, fight corruption, and combat transnational criminal networks that profit from poaching by at least doubling to $20 million each year the Multinational Species Conservation Fund. I will also fully fund programs at the State Department and the United States Agency for International Development to combat wildlife trafficking.

Protect marine wildlife. Human activities endanger marine life, including coral, tuna, sea turtles, and whales. To protect marine wildlife, the United States must fully enforce the U.S. Marine Mammal Protection Act, ensuring that imported seafood was caught with equipment that meets safety standards to protect marine mammals, expand domestic bycatch prevention, and lead international efforts to protect fisheries.

We must also redouble efforts to reduce our reliance on single-use plastics and pass the bipartisan Save Our Seas 2.0 Act that equips the United States to better clear marine debris and lead international efforts to keep our oceans clean.

Appoint a Secretary of the Interior with a strong record on conservation and environmentalism. I am committed to appointing an Interior Secretary with the experience necessary to manage public lands, strengthen federal-tribal relationships, and work with urgency to combat the climate crisis.

Protect at least 30 percent of America’s lands and oceans by 2030. Defending wildlife, supporting robust ecosystems, and ensuring natural resilience against the effects of climate change requires prioritization of natural lands. This must include expanding protected areas through national monument, park, and wildlife refuge designations. This also requires a collective effort by the federal, state, tribal, and local governments, as well as private landowners, to implement proactive conservation policies to protect lands, including reclaiming degraded lands, reforestation and afforestation, and integrating natural places into urban communities. Reaching this goal sets the stage to protect 50 percent of U.S. lands and oceans by 2050.

Fully fund the Land and Water Conservation Fund (LWCF) at $900 million a year. The LWCF is an effective and popular program to support conservation of our national parks and lands, including historical sites. The Outdoor Industry Association estimates that outdoor recreational activities support over $880 billion in annual economic activity and 7.6 million jobs. Congress has chronically under-funded this program and redirected funding intended for the program to other programs. I commit to fully funding this vital program.

End the leasing of federal lands for fossil fuel exploration and extraction. Whether is is the Arctic Refuge in Alaska or national parks in the Rocky Mountains, we should ensure that we protect these lands, their inhabitants, and meet our environmental goals to combat climate change.

Require free, prior, and informed consent from tribal nations for major energy projects on federal lands that would affect those communities.

Restore the Bears Ears and Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monuments to their former size and explore additional lands and marine areas to protect as national monuments, national parks, or national wildlife refuges and protecting National Forests, especially old growth forests, from environmentally destructive activities.

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Don’t know if you made it this far, but thanks for stopping by and reading whatever you could. Hugs, Patsy.

How vegan are you if you’re vegan at all?

Brown horse with big white blaze trotting in green field.

Hey there Tuesday’s Horse-ers. This is not a recipe post. It’s a philosophical post.

If you are vegan, has anybody ever asked you, “how vegan are you?” I usually say I am 99% vegan. 100% sounds too much like perfection to me. Can anybody do that? Some I guess.

Still, isn’t there a chance no matter how careful you are that an animal derived product escaped your notice and ended up in your mouth? Or what if the labeling is wrong or deliberately misleading? Apart from being a chemist and testing every product, you must rely on labels. Or what you are told.

Here’s a good example that loads of people starting out as vegans don’t know. I didn’t.

One of the most common foodstuffs commonly overlooked when starting out vegan is sugar. I did. Never occurred to me sugar could not be vegan. There’s not an animal in sight when it’s being made, right? Well kind of, sort of.

There are no animal products in sugar, but companies use the bone char from slaughtered animals to “whiten” it. PeTA explains, “Bone char is made from the bones of cattle who were slaughtered in foreign countries and sold to traders in other foreign countries, who then sell the bones back to the U.S. sugar industry.”

Gross. But I didn’t beat myself up about it. Why should I? Nor should you if something like this happens. Be kind.

There are all types of vegans too. Not just “dietary” vegans. Check out this lady.

I have a vegan friend, super sweet girl, who won’t attend symphony concerts or Opera after learning violin strings are made with cat gut. I told her I didn’t think so anymore. I looked it up and we were both sort of wrong. Some are made with gut but not cat gut any longer it seems.

“Roughly 300-years ago, the strings for most bowed instruments – violin, harp, cello, and some bowed instruments you’ve never heard of — were made from animal intestines. While they’re often referred to as catgut strings, these strings were never made from cat intestines. Rather, most catgut strings are made from the intestines of sheep.

“After being expertly stretched, dried and twisted, gut strings create a rich, resonant and expressive tone when stretched taught between both ends. As gut string engineering improved throughout the decades, string makers all shared the same goal – to yield strings with enough mass to be resonant, but flexible enough that it can vibrate properly. Without the right amount of mass, strings produce a weak and hollow sound; without flexibility, the harmonics won’t be in tune.

“Today, gut core strings are still used, namely by more advanced, and professional players, but they aren’t the best option for most violinists since they are fragile, temperamental, and break down faster than their steel- and synthetic-core counterparts. Your violin string’s post-core production is more or less the same, regardless of which material you select.”

Source: https://www.connollymusic.com/stringovation/how-are-violin-strings-made

I admit reading the above made me feel a bit queasy. In the meantime, if we are judging by percentages, how many points do I knock off my vegan percentage rate if I attend a classical music concert now—knowing that? See what I mean.

My gentle suggestion is that you eat according to what you have knowledge of. All the rest of it you can discover and work out along the way. Few people make a lifestyle change as big as this overnight. It is a new sensitivity. Let it unfold naturally and peacefully. Please do not allow anybody to judge you or make you feel less than.

Here’s a cool statement from PeTA that sums up dietary veganism very nicely.

“Eating vegan isn’t about ‘perfection’ or a quest for personal purity—it’s about achieving real change for animals suffering in the food industry.”

You see. It’s about them. Not us.

Big hugs, Patsy.

P.S. Please leave me some feedback. I love hearing from y’all. 

Top 5 Richa video recipes you must make right away

Richa Hingle of Vegan Richa.

Five terrific vegan recipes from Vegan Richa including a great spaghetti using lentils and a delicious pizza dip. Plus some mega sweet treats. All video recipes. All from Insta.

I’ve made all of these now. Making my family especially crazy lately with these great eats. Do you get into those kinda grooves too? So tasty, so fun. So easy!

Turn the sound down before starting up these videos so you don’t make yourself (or someone else) jump! Wink.

First up . . . . these vegan cookie dough ice cream sandwiches melt in your mouth. Wasn’t a cookie dough anything lover until these. Too too sweet. These are just right. Use your homemade oat flour. You can blend them up in a jiffy. I’ll tell you real quick how to do that now.


1. Add 1 to 2 cups old-fashioned oats to a blender or food processor. Must be old-fashioned oats.
2. Place the lid on, and give it a go on high speed until the oats turn into a fine powder.
3. Transfer to an air-tight container and store for in the pantry for about 3 months.


Mind blowingly good.


Who doesn’t love a great quesadilla, huh? And you’ll get to use that cashew cheese you made here too.


My husband and daughter both adore this.


My family and friends all adore spaghetti. I have loads of different recipes, don’t you? Here’s a great one no matter how many you have.


I hope I have inspired you and made you happy. Have a superb weekend, and thank you for following Tuesday’s Horse and helping us defend our wonderful horses. We wouldn’t be sitting here right now, and have all that we have, without them. They helped mankind discover and shape the world.

L♥ve, P♥tsy!

Overnight oats — three delicious combos

Uncooked oats in glass jar.

First, turn your sound down or mute in case my Insta embed below starts playing!

Hey there again. When I look at Tuesday’s Horse I sometimes feel my stuff looks a bit odd, out of place, sandwiched in between all the heartbreaking stuff we write about. However, adopting a vegan lifestyle is a way to help everybody, us, the animals, the planet . . . you know. Not being preachy now!

You know all that oat milk we’ve been making? Well we’ve got something super fun to do with it. We also use (store bought) cashew milk and almond milk for this too.

Yeah, well, the Kelly’s are on a big time oatmeal kick at the moment (I’m even making my own oatmeal flour — yes!) here’s something you can do the night before so you don’t have to get up and make breakfast. Just reach in the fridge.

These overnight oats go fast, especially if my daughter has a sleepover. Here you are. From Insta.

Oats are among the healthiest grains on earth. They are a gluten-free whole grain and a great source of important vitamins, minerals, fiber and antioxidants. Studies show that oats and oatmeal have many health benefits.

Check out ‘Why You Should Eat Oatmeal Every Day’ »


I am going to do a bit of grumping, as my daughter calls it. I worship and adore all the fabulous vegan cooks and their gorgeous websites and super delicious recipes. But here’s the reason I just don’t visit their sites much anymore.

I know they have to make a living but they must be losing a hella lot of followers and visitors. You can barely scroll for all the popups and ads. After I’ve closed 3 or 4 without even beginning to reach where I am going a bunch more jump up. It makes me crazy . . . I can’t hang with it. I bail out quick like now. And I love these folks and what they do. So that’s why you’re seeing so much Insta from me now. But it’s cool, right?

Oh. Except Vegan Richa’s. She’s monetized too but at least you can move through it without getting battle fatigue.


If you’re on Instagram give this guy a look https://www.instagram.com/all.about.that.veg/ .  His bio says he’s a 15-year-old self-taught vegan cook. Just started his account.

Going to proofread now (ha ha ha) and see how I do.

L♥tsa L♥ve, P♥tsy