Lameness is a term used to describe a horse’s change in gait, usually in response to pain in a limb that can occur due to a wide variety of causes (e.g. degenerative joint disease, laminitis, infection). Some conditions are more easily diagnosed and treated than others, which may only cause a subtle change in gait, or even just a decreased ability or willingness to perform.
Lameness is a clinical symptom not a diagnosis, which requires careful consideration by the veterinarian to determine the root cause. This will include the medical history of the horse, observation and appraisal of the horse at rest, a hands-on examination, application of hoof testers to the feet, evaluation of the horse in motion and joint flexion tests. To isolate the location and cause of lameness other diagnostic tests may also be required (i.e. diagnostic nerve and joint blocks, radiographs, ultrasound, and more).
Enter the Equinosis Q with Lameness Locator
The Equinosis Q with Lameness Locator is a veterinary diagnostic system used to objectively measure a horse’s movement. Although the Equinosis Q cannot diagnose a lameness problem independently of a thorough evaluation, its inertial sensors and algorithms help veterinarians detect early or mild lameness with high confidence. 
The algorithms in the Lameness Locator were created specifically to assess lameness in horses and were developed by University of Missouri’s Dr. Kevin Keegan and Dr. Frank Pai. 
The objective of the device is not to be used as a stand-alone diagnostic but rather to add a resource to the veterinarian’s toolbox that uses advanced technology to supplement the hands-on evaluation. This would aid in diagnosing lameness that is difficult to perceive by the naked eye.
How does it work?
The Lameness Locator measures the movement of the horse’s head and pelvis, two areas most closely associated with decreased weight-bearing on their limbs that suggests lameness in one of their legs.
The device is equipped with three wireless motion sensors that are attached to three distinct positions on the horse; the head, the pelvis and the right front pastern. The head and pelvis sensors contain an accelerometer while the front right pastern contains a gyroscope.
An accelerometer measures the acceleration, which is the rate of change of the velocity of an object, which in turn is the speed of the object (distance covered in time) moving in a certain direction. Consequently, the acceleration can be converted to a position with changes recorded as the horse is jogged back and forth while the veterinarian observes the movement.
A gyroscope is a device that measures orientation and is used to measure rotational motion. This is used as a reference point for the right forelimb stance.
A tablet with the Lameness Locator software collects the data the sensors generate through a long-range Bluetooth receiver.
“Acceleration is converted to position and differences in head and pelvic heights between right and left halves of stride [over many strides] are calculated,” said Dr. Laurie Tyrrell-Schroeder, director of veterinary services for Equinosis LLC. “[It is] essentially measuring the symmetry of movement between the two halves of stride. Shifting load off a limb will manifest as asymmetric head or pelvic movement.”
The program generates measurements that indicate the amplitude of head and or pelvic movement asymmetry, which tends to correlate with the degree of lameness. Negative numbers indicate left-sided lameness and positive numbers indicate right-sided lameness.”
Dr. Rhodes Bell DMV, who practices veterinary medicine at Park Equine Hospital in Versailles, KY, was introduced to this technology during his Masters studies where he studied the technology to determine the effectiveness in quantifying equine lameness. Bell now advocates for its use on most, if not all, lameness cases and is sought out expressly by individuals who need advice on how to proceed with their horse’s lameness.
It is also invaluable as a tool for “baseline wellness exams” where a horse may be monitored over time to determine how a horse develops over the course of their racing or sporting career.
“A nice feature of the software is it is able to store a horse’s evaluation forever,” he said. “It would be nice to follow horses along through their season, comparing their current form back to their earlier evaluations. If something is changing, then some additional investigation may be warranted.”
It also provides a relatively cost-effective means of supplying important information that may preclude expensive imaging techniques.
So, what is stopping equine veterinarians from using this on a regular basis? Commercially, it has been available since 2009.
As always, resistance to change.
“I think many veterinarians question spending money for a piece of equipment that does something they think they can already do themselves,” Bell said. “A similar mindset was present when the new technology of ultrasonography was introduced–those palpating the reproductive tracts of mares and those palpating musculoskeletal structures of equine athletes thought, ‘What possible additional information could I derive from this machine that is so costly?’ I think you would be hard pressed to find either a reproduction or lameness veterinarian without access to an ultrasound machine in this day and age.
The sport of racing has long held on to its historical roots, reluctantly utilizing new technologies (Keeneland didn’t have a public address system for a track announcer until 1997). Bell feels that the transition to using the objective lameness evaluation a regular basis for racing Thoroughbreds is a matter of time.”
Time will tell. But it seems like a no-brainer to use such a diagnostic tool to rule out a compromised horse “before” they break down. Would this have saved Mongolian Groom? No doubt it would have.
NEW BLOOD TEST
A New Blood Test Has the Potential to Detect Imminent Injury in Racehorses
Researchers at the University of Kentucky’s Gluck Equine Research Center have shown promising results using a novel blood test that has the potential to detect an impending injury prior to a horse exhibiting any signs of lameness or atypical imaging.
The majority (85%) of fatal injuries in racehorses result from pre-existing pathology in the same location that the fracture occurs. It is also recognised that many types of damage (e.g. pre-existing stress fractures) rarely cause lameness and may go undetected by radiographic analysis.
Earlier research has shown that biomarkers may provide veterinarians with more means to identify problems prior to experiencing a serious bone or soft tissue injury.
What is a biomarker?
Biomarkers, short for biological markers, are distinct biological indicators of a process, event or condition that can be accurately measured to detect normal or abnormal processes taking place in the body that may be a sign of an underlying condition or disease, including inflammation. Various types of molecules, such as DNA (genes), proteins or hormones, can serve as biomarkers, since they all indicate something about the health of an individual. An example of a human biomarker is blood cholesterol, which is a well-known biomarker for coronary heart disease.
Since, more often than not, biomarkers that are proteins are typically discovered after an injury, the researchers took the approach of looking at an intermediary step prior to the formation of the protein. The starting material for the manufacture of a protein is DNA, which makes RNA which makes protein. Without going into detail, a simple schematic illustrates the concept.
The researchers, Drs. Allen Page and David Horohov, decided to use mRNA (messenger RNA) as the biomarker which, as the schematic shows, is a set of instructions from genes made of DNA to produce a given protein. In medicine, mRNA biomarkers have been developed as a common technique that offers early and more accurate prediction and diagnosis of disease and disease progression, and the ability to identify individuals at risk.
Of note, is that for inflammation a horse may be experiencing, the set of instructions (gene copies) change with different levels of inflammation (gene expression) and hence serve as a marker for any potential underlying condition.
Study method and preliminary results
Although the study has yet to be completed, Page and Horohov have collected more than 800 samples, half of which suffered fatal injuries and the other half of uninjured horses as control samples (that’s over 400 dead horses). Blood samples were taken both before and after racing. To date the study has shown that out of 23 genes, two have been measured to have tested consistently higher in the horses that died. The study is expected to be complete before the end of the year, after which it will be published in a peer-reviewed journal.
“My view of where you are now is that we’re a lot farther down the road than we once were,” said Dr. Johnny Mac Smith, EDRC member and veterinary consultant to the Grayson-Jockey Club Research Foundation, during the council meeting. “Although it may be a road with a few more curves than you anticipate, I think it’s a worthwhile effort to pursue this. Who’s to say, if your work was finished and we had a screening test, we might still have Mongolian Groom.”
The second phase of the project will use the same blood samples to analyze thousands of genes. It is generally believed that there are over 20,000 genes that are responsible for the creation of different proteins in horses. The hope is that more of the genes that are increased are identified in horses who have been fatally-injured. This would be a novel technique for the racing industry in identifying those horses who are at an increased risk prior to breaking down, hence preventing, or greatly minimizing, the incidence of catastrophic injuries. Both phases of the project have been funded to the tune of $300,000 by the Equine Drug research Council (EDCR).
“I think anybody who’s involved in the industry realizes we’re at a pretty significant crossroads. We all need to be doing whatever we can to provide not only opinions but solutions. Based on the first year and a half’s worth of data, we’re definitely excited about the potential that this research holds.”
AS TECHNOLOGY MOVES FORWARD THE RACING INDUSTRY FESTERS IN CHAOS
I don’t think it’s too radical to say that the US racing industry is in crisis. After decades of talk, chronic resistance to change and heated debate, the implementation of uniform racing medication policies by the industry has been an epic failure.
The time for talk is over.
It is not only the general public, but also the core fans of racing, who are losing their confidence in the industry’s ability of its insiders to promote the health and safety of racehorses.
Self-regulation has not worked and will not work. If the sport is to survive, it must, at the very least, adopt an independent entity to establish uniform rules, regulations and testing protocols across all 38 racing jurisdictions. This, of course, is the focus of The Horseracing Integrity Act.
Until then, it will continue to spiral downwards into the abyss.
As Maryland Jockey Club racetrack owner Joe De Francis, now chairman of the National Horseracing Advisory Council of the Humane Society of the United States sums up the racing’s credibility problems on equine safety and integrity issues . . .
“a growing tsunami . . . about to crest and destroy us.”
TYGART TELLS CONGRESS: DON’T ENCOURAGE FOX TO GUARD HENHOUSE
Travis Tygart, the CEO of the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency (USADA), makes some powerful points in this article about the parallels between issues facing the U.S. horse industry and the Olympics when it comes to ensuring the integrity of those sports, specifically with regard to oversight on medications.
The USADA, the official anti-doping agency in the United States for the Olympics, Paralympic, Pan American and Parapan American sport, is the independent non-governmental agency that would oversee horse racing’s medication policies under the proposed Horseracing Integrity Act (HIA).
“In his prepared statement, Tygart said that the ‘most vital principle of an effective anti-doping system is that it must be free from the influence of sport governing bodies. … Since our founding in late 2000, we at USADA have advocated for a clear separation between those who promote sport and those who police it. To do so otherwise, we believe, is to encourage the fox to guard the henhouse. No matter how well intended it might begin, it simply does not work.’”
During the question and answer period after the hearing, there were several comments made as to how this kind of independent authority would benefit the racing industry.
Tygart, after an inquiry from Sen. Tom Udall of New Mexico as to how independence will bring about genuinely needed reform, went on to discuss how the U.S. Olympic and Paralympic Committee (USOPC) finally, in 1999, committed to outsourcing and making the USOPC totally independent from its board and staff by creating the USADA in 2000. He concluded that its effectiveness and success in curtailing drug use and the ability to identify cheaters has transformed the human sports world.
The same would apply to horseracing if adopted by all those involved in the racing community.
“The USADA was a result of the recommendations made by the USOP’s Select Task Force on Externalization to bring credibility and independence to the anti-doping movement in the U.S. The USADA was given full authority to execute a comprehensive national anti-doping program that encompassed testing, results management, education and research while also developing programs, policies and procedures in each of those areas.”
The key to its effectiveness is that the USADA is an independent legal entity not subject to the control of the USOC and staff, whereby none can have any financial interest or serve in any capacity for an organization they provide services to.
This is precisely what the racing industry is up against. Currently, it is a rogue organization with no central body of control or uniform regulations to prevent the abuses, particularly the rampant drug use, that are intrinsic to NA horseracing.
In response to Sen. Richard Blumenthal’s (Connecticut) question “as to whether he was extending the jurisdiction of your agency to include horse racing to prevent doping and substance in that sport.” Tygart was confident that independent models that do not rely on economic interests or other advantageous positives for those directly involved in making decisions, eliminate the self-interest awards that go hand in hand with nepotism.
Tygart was presented with two questions; (1) whether he was interested in “extending the jurisdiction of the USADA to include horse racing to prevent doping and substance abuse in that sport”, and (2) how the USADA had evolved to improve the effectiveness of anti-doping programs
He responded with three concrete reasons why it would be in the best interests of a sports industry suffering from public scrutiny.
The ability to stay abreast of new designer drugs that are emerging everyday from places outside of the US that are not intended for human consumption and the ability to test for them.
To profile testing of an individual/athlete over time (e.g. blood and urine markers)
The ability to encourage “whistle blowers” to speak up and hold those accountable who break the rules.
While these are only three of the benefits about independence, they provide a transparency that does not currently exist, nor ever existed, in the horseracing industry.
We have seen the cover-ups (e.g. Baffert’s Justify drug cover-up by the CHRB which would have cost him the Triple Crown); the blatant ability to allow disqualified horses in one jurisdiction from racing in another jurisdiction or under a new “trainer”, the classic case being Steve Asmussen turning his horses over to his assistant Blasi, who won another 198 races as the stable finished the year with more than $14 million in earnings; the overuse of therapeutics to mask pain; and of course, the reluctance of racing insiders to speak of their knowledge, which would ostracise them forever from the racing mafia.
And although the HIA may not be perfect in every sense, as long as it completely partitions the racing industry from the oversight of it, there is a valuable opportunity to clean up the sport and regain the confidence of the general public and racing fans. Particularly if the testing is done outside of racing’s jurisdiction – the only equitable way to implement a level playing field and without tampering from the insiders.
While cynicism of the government’s involvement can be rationalized, the industry has shown that it simply cannot function properly on its own after decades wasted trying to justify the failure of the less than stellar attempts to “solve” their problems. For far too long, racing authorities have allowed cheaters to repeatedly cheat by either dismissing the charges or applying insufficient penalties.
There are, of course, many nay-sayers, and one of the principal controversies is the suspension of race-day Lasix (a topic on its own) but the HIA has the support of much of the industry as well as leading animal welfare groups. Ironically, it is the very people who argue they can reform the sport, without intervention from outside sources, who have navigated the “ship of racing” into the current crisis.
The time for change is now. Without change the racing industry won’t need to worry about remedies, the confidence of not only the general public but of its core customers in the basic product they offer will be lost and the invisible hand of the marketplace will drive the business into oblivion.
“The most powerful traditions are those that adapt. Change cannot wait.” — Testimony of Christopher J. McCarron, Hall of Fame Jockey, Retired.
FEATURED IMAGE: Mongolian Groom / Sports Illustrated
Out of that group Thoroughbred racing in particular has demonstrated it cannot and/or will not police itself. It has been given many decades to do so, leaving behind a trail of injuries, broken horses and death, during training and racing.
We believe it must, and ultimately will, come to an end because the gamblers who sustain it and make it all possible are leaving in droves. They will not be replaced. There is absolutely nothing appealing about horse racing to America’s up and coming generations.
With 10 horses suffering catastrophic injuries in January 2019 at celebrated Santa Anita Park in California, horse racing got off to an unusually bad start. Over the course of the year, horse deaths became the prevailing national horse racing story, culminating with the death of Mongolian Groom in the Breeders’ Cup Classic on November 3.
This led to public outcry, urgent calls for major racing reform and even suggestions that horse racing in North America should come to an end.
19th Racehorse dies at Santa Anita
February 24, 2019
National media have widely reported the death of the 19th racehorse since the winter/spring racing season opened in December 2018 at Santa Anita. Of the 19 horse fatalities, six were on dirt, five on turf, and eight in training.
This prompted Santa Anita Park, in conjunction with the California Horse Racing Board (CHRB) to close its main track for training for 2 days to fully evaluate sub-surface conditions such as moisture content and soil consistency. Experts will look at whether the heavy rainfall which has fallen across the region over the past few months has factored into the death toll.
The main track re-opened on February 28 after Mick Peterson, director of the University of Kentucky’s Agricultural Equine Programs who evaluates soil samples from Santa Anita Park every month, deemed the main track “one-hundred percent ready” for both training and racing.
Santa Anita Racetrack Closes
March 16, 2019
The Santa Anita racetrack is closed indefinitely, after 21 horses died in the last few months. Questions have been raised about the racing industry across the U.S. since 26 December, when the current winter-spring meet began. 21 horses have died during racing or training at Santa Anita, a number much higher than in comparable periods over the last three years.
The dirt track is blamed by many, and is undergoing extensive testing. Meanwhile, some Santa Anita trainers have claimed that they have been pressured to run horses even when they are uncomfortable doing so.
The deaths have drawn outrage from PETA, which has called for a criminal investigation into the matter.
Santa Anita implements Lasix ban, increased restrictions following 22nd fatal breakdown
March 14, 2019
The Stronach Group declared a zero tolerance for race day medication at Santa Anita Park and Golden Gate Fields. These Thoroughbred racetracks will be the first in North America to follow the strict International Federation of Horseracing Authorities (IFHA) standards. These revisions comprise best practices currently employed at racetracks around the world:
Banning the use of Lasix.
Increasing the ban on legal therapeutic NSAIDS, joint injections, shockwave therapy, and anabolic steroids.
Increasing the time required for horses to be on-site prior to a race.
A substantial investment by The Stronach Group in diagnostic equipment to aid in the early detection of pre-existing conditions.
Horses in training are only allowed therapeutic medication with a qualified veterinary diagnosis.
Horseracing Integrity Act Re-Introduced in the U.S. House
March 14, 2019
Today, U.S. Reps. Paul Tonko (D-NY), and Andy Barr (R-KY), who represent two of the meccas of American Thoroughbred racing – Saratoga Springs and Lexington – introduced the Horseracing Integrity Act to create a uniform national standard for drug testing that would be overseen by the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency (USADA).
S. Reps. Paul Tonko (D-N.Y.), and Andy Barr (R-Ky.), congressmen representing Saratoga Springs and Lexington, respectively, introduced the Horseracing Integrity Act March 14 to create a uniform national standard for drug testing in racehorses that would be overseen by the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency.
The Horseracing Integrity Act is backed by the Coalition for Horse Racing Integrity, a diverse group of 18 members that includes racing organizations, racetracks, owner and breeder associations, and animal welfare groups that support adoption of a national uniform standard for drug and medication rules in horse racing.
IFHA Chairman: “In complete support” of Stronach Group Moves, asks others to join
March 18, 2019
International Federation of Horseracing Authorities (IFHA), which comprises racing authorities and race organizers from all major racing jurisdictions across more than 50 countries, says it is in complete support of the actions and decisions made by The Stronach Group to bring its medication policies in line with international standards.
It also calls on other jurisdictions and race organizers in the U.S. to follow suit. These measures, in addition to the guidelines outlined in the Horseracing Integrity Act of 2019, would employ internationally accepted measures that protect horses, jockeys, and all stakeholders.
Jockey Club calls for major drug reform, says fatality spikes will continue without it
March 28, 2019
The Jockey Club released a major white paper calling for comprehensive reform of the U.S. horse racing industry including a major overhaul of drug use and uniform out-of-competition drug testing, citing the need for “transparency into the medical treatment, injuries, and health of all racehorses.”
The paper’s release follows the death of 22 racehorses at California’s Santa Anita Park in less than three months.
ARCI proposes to significantly increase trainer, owner penalties for doping
April 11, 2019
The Drug Testing Standards and Practices (DTSP) Committee of the Association of Racing Commissions International (ARCI) is considering a major change to the recommended penalties for violations of the association’s drug rules to dramatically increase sanctions on those violations that can be considered “doping” or “equine endangerment”.
Penalties would be effectively doubled from the existing Class A penalties, with a first violation requiring a two to five-year suspension of the trainer and a minimum $50,000 fine which could be increased to $100,000 with aggravating circumstances. A second violation in any jurisdiction would trigger a license revocation.
The proposal would also impose a $25,000 fine on an owner if there is a second lifetime offense in the owner’s stable in any jurisdiction. A third offense would suspend the owner for a minimum of thirty days to as much as a year and impose a minimum fine of $50,000 which could be increased to $100,000.
Coalition representing major U.S. tracks announces Lasix ban for 2-year-old races, then Stakes races
April 18, 2019
A coalition of leading Thoroughbred racing associations and organizations announced a new horse racing initiative committed to phasing out the use of the medication Furosemide (Lasix) beginning in 2020 and eliminating the use of Lasix in stakes races held at their racetracks beginning in 2021.
Coalition racetracks that have signed on to this initiative include all tracks owned or operated by Churchill Downs Incorporated (CDI), the New York Racing Association, Inc. (NYRA) and The Stronach Group as well as Del Mar, Keeneland, Lone Star Park and Remington Park, Los Alamitos Racecourse (Thoroughbred), Oaklawn Park and Tampa Bay Downs.
Taken together these tracks represent 86% of the stakes races assigned graded or listed status in the United States in 2018.
WHOA: Recent horse racing reform proposals just a bandaid
April 19, 2019
WHOA Supporter and past Chairman of the Ohio State Racing Commission (ORC) and the ARCI, William Koester points out that the ARCI establishes Model Rules as a guideline but there is no enforcement for jurisdictions that refuse to comply by these rules. While a press release by the ARCI advocates stiffer penalties, what does it matter if many state racing commissions do not enforce them.
It changes nothing and the industry will continue to operate with a total lack of uniformity. Koester sated that what is needed is an outside independent agency to set the agenda so that it favors no one group. Other industry groups like the AQHA, HBPA and the AAEP out and out oppose the new push for reform and a ban on race-day medication.
ARCI: “Dramatic Drop” in horse racing doping cases in 2018
April 30, 2019
“The 2018 Anti-Doping and Drug Testing Program conducted by U.S. racing regulatory bodies found continued substantial compliance with racing’s medication and anti-doping rules and little support for claims that the use of drugs to mask pain when horses race is rampant.”
Class 1 or Class 2 substance violations are considered instances of “doping” while violations involving substances of a lesser classes are usually overages of medications deemed therapeutic or authorized by U.S. federal law for veterinary use.
There was a dramatic drop in doping instances from 2017 to 2018 and violations involving Class 3 substances and the Class 4 and 5, last likely to affect performance were slightly increased.
Sure, if you say so. The transparency in this industry is questionable, at best.
ARCI: Lasix ban may lead to inhumane practices such as injecting formaldehyde
May 5, 2019
The Association of Racing Commissioners International (ARCI or RCI) put all racing regulatory commissions on notice that the banning of race day Lasix administrations by some U.S. racetracks or governments may lead to the practice of substituting intravenous administration of formaldehyde to combat incidences of bleeding – a cruel, inhumane and potentially dangerous practice to the health and welfare of a horse.
The advisory noted that formaldehyde use is already being investigated in at least one U.S. jurisdiction, and the RCI investigatory intelligence network is reporting that if furosemide is banned in the US, illegal formaldehyde use as an alternative may become common.
Kentucky Derby 1st place horse, Maximum Security, disqualified
May 6, 2019
Maximum Security, the first horse to cross the finish line at the 145th running of the Kentucky Derby, was soon after was disqualified due to an objection raised by team members of second-place finisher Country House. After an unbearable half-hour wait, the verdict dropped: Maximum Security was disqualified, the first-ever ostensible winner to be disqualified, and 65-to-1 long-shot Country House was officially named the “winner”.
Maximum Security led for most of the race. But on video replay, he was determined to have violated interference rules, altering the paths of War of Will, Long Range Toddy, and Country House with a stumble to his right. The former two horses faded to the back of the pack in the final stretch, but Country House — one of two teams to lodge the complaint that overturned the race — came in second.
Shortly thereafter, Maximum Security’s owners, Gary and Mary West, filed a lawsuit to restore their horse’s win, saying the process that disqualified him is “unconstitutional.” They also requested the purse money to be redistributed in accordance with the original order of finish; the winner’s share for the race was $1.86 million, while the jockey and trainer were denied $186,000 each.
Jockey Club Survey: Drugs, fatalities top list of public concerns about horse racing
May 10, 2019
According to a new, national and Kentucky-based poll commissioned by The Jockey Club, horse fatalities are the single most important factor facing the horse racing industry with nearly seven in 10 likely voters (69 percent) saying that it is a “very important” issue. The misuse of drugs was almost equally significant with 65 percent saying it was “very important.” Integrity and corruption also scored highly at 63 percent.
“This survey is further proof that the horse racing industry has reached a tipping point,” said Jim Gagliano, The Jockey Club president and COO. “The health of horses is of concern to both horse racing fans and the general public, and it’s time we make some real changes.”
The slaughter of Ace King
May 15, 2019
A harrowing story, tragic and shameful, about the fate of racehorses in Korea when they fail to meet expectations. A must read, not only because it is in Korea, but because this brutal practice exists globally — an article that is befitting to the realities of what happens to racehorses at the hands of the unscrupulous when these majestic creatures can no longer run for their lives.
Gary West issues $20 million challenge to four Derby runners
May 17, 2019
Maximum Security owner Gary West, still furious over his horse’s disqualification from the race, issued a challenge to the owners of Country House, War of Will, Long Range Toddy and Bodexpress: race Maximum Security and get $5 million if you finish in front of the West colt; pay $5 million if Maximum Security finishes ahead. (The horses did not face each other again.)
Meanwhile, discussion over the incident focused not just on whether Maximum Security should have been disqualified but whether the rules the stewards followed were fair, prompting a broader discussion about how interference rules in the U.S. compare with those in other racing jurisdictions.
Real Sports with Bryant Gumbel: Race to Death (HBO)
May 21, 2019
The HBO special “Raced to Death” investigated the harrowing rise in horse racing deaths in the U.S.
Following the closure of the renowned Santa Anita Park due to an increase in racehorse deaths, REAL SPORTS reveals that more than two thousand horses die racing in the United States every year, and thousands more are slaughtered after their racing days are over. Correspondent Bernard Goldberg reports on the combination of drugs and overuse that is contributing to the death toll.
After 84 years Suffolk Downs says goodbye to live horse racing
May 22, 2019
Suffolk Downs is retiring horse racing, which is slated to be turned into apartments and retail shops.
Suffolk Downs has before faced shutdowns, changes in ownership, and a casino bid that ended in failure. [CEO Chip] Tuttle says this time, it’s for real.
And in the meantime, the races will continue through June, preparing for the final goodbye.
The track opened in 1935 after being built by Joseph A. Tomasello for a cost of $2 million. A number of famous horses raced at the track, including Seabiscuit, Whirlaway, Funny Cide, and Cigar.
NTRA’s unbelievable response to HBO’s report on horse racing
May 28, 2019
Surprisingly, NTRA responded to HBO’s report on horse racing, in a manner of speaking, via Alex Waldrop. This was unexpected, but the appalling spin on it was anything but:
“Once again, HBO’s Real Sports presents a slanted, sensational and inaccurate view of horse racing by failing to learn about or acknowledge the important progress our entire industry is making with respect to safety, welfare and aftercare. While we understand the media’s right to cover a significant story, we will not tolerate the painting of our sport and our participants with inaccurate broad-brush strokes.”
26th horse death at Santa Anita prompts calls for a halt to racing
May 29, 2019
“Tracks in the United States have significantly higher rates of death than tracks overseas. We need to determine what we’re doing wrong in this country and fix it. If we can’t, we need to consider whether horseracing has a future here.” — Sen. Dianne Feinstein
U.S. Sen. Dianne Feinstein, D-Calif., called for the famed Santa Anita Park outside of Los Angeles to be temporarily shut down after the 26th thoroughbred fatality there since Christmas.
California’s senior senator urged the drastic action after Kochees, a 9-year-old gelding, was euthanized Sunday, marking the third horse death in just nine days.
“How many more horses must die before concrete steps are taken to address what is clearly an acute problem?” a statement from Feinstein said.
She said track conditions and the history of each of the horses’ medications have to be carefully scrutinized.
California Governor steps in to protect racehorses
May 31, 2019
California Governor Gavin Newsom announced his support for SB 469, which would authorize the California Horse Racing Board to suspend horse racing licenses to protect the health and safety of horses.
Winx’s brother among Australian racehorses killed for meat in S Korea
June 4, 2019
The brother of the Australian racing legend Winx is one of thousands of exported thoroughbreds killed for meat in Korea under conditions the RSPCA has called “very distressing”.
Footage filmed secretly at the Nonghyup abattoir in South Korea last year shows horses being repeatedly beaten on the head with lengths of black polyethylene pipe in an attempt to herd them into the facility.
That treatment would be in breach both of Australian animal welfare laws and of the requirements imposed on abattoirs that process live export animals if it was part of a formal Australian supply chain, the RSPCA said.
But because the horses were exported to race or breed, rather than for slaughter, and because horses are not classified as livestock in Australia, they are outside the protection of laws that govern the live export industry.
Review team will decide if horses fit to race at Santa Anita
June 14, 2109
Santa Anita put together a five-member team to review horses’ medical, training and racing history for the final six racing days at the Southern California track where 29 horses have died since December.
Led by the California Horse Racing Board’s equine medical director, Dr. Rick Arthur, and chief steward, Darrel McHargue, the review team includes independent CHRB vets and stewards, who supervise the outcome of horse races.
The review team will decide if individual horses are at elevated risk of injury before racing. They will look at any history of a horse on the veterinarian’s list and steward’s list as well as medical and race history and physical observations of the horse.
Gillibrand, McSally introduce Horseracing Integrity Act in U.S. Senate
June 12 2019
The Horseracing Integrity Act of 2019 — S.1820 — was introduced in the U.S. by Senators Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY) and Martha McSally (R-AZ).
The bill would create a private, independent horse racing anti-doping authority, the Horseracing Anti-Doping and Medication Control Authority (HADA), responsible for developing and administering a nationwide anti-doping and medication control program for horse racing.
The Bill was read twice and referred to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation.
The National Thoroughbred Racing Association announced that it will support the passage of the Safeguard American Food Exports (SAFE) Act (H.R. 961) that would prevent the horse slaughter industry from re-establishing operations in the United States and prohibit the export of American horses abroad for slaughter.
“The slaughter of horses for human consumption is something the NTRA has opposed for many years,” said NTRA President and CEO Alex Waldrop. “In the last decade alone, thousands of retired U.S. racehorses have been adopted and transitioned to second careers. The development and growth of quality racehorse aftercare programs continue to be a high priority for the industry.”
HBPA opposes Senate version of Horseracing Integrity Act, the legislation is “misguided”
June 17, 2019
The National Horseman’s Benevolent and Protective Association (HBPA) announced its opposition to the Senate version of the Horseracing Integrity Act (S. 1820), introduced last by Sens. Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY) and Martha McSally (R-AZ). The HBPA has been steadfast in its opposition to the House companion measure introduced earlier this year by Reps. Paul Tonko (D-NY-20) and Andy Barr (R-KY-06) (H.R. 1754).
Eric Hamelback, CEO of the HBPA claims that banning race day Lasix will cause more equine deaths, and additional regulations will cause jobs to be lost. Hamelback also believes the introduction of this legislation is a misguided attempt to address the recent equine deaths in California: “S. 1820 would not have prevented one single death.
The problem is that Hamelback, or other supporters of Lasix on race day, have never addressed several questions which include the facts that NA horses competed successfully for many decades without Lasix, 2/3 of the world’s horses also race without it successfully, the fact that EIH has a genetic component and by masking it via the use of Lasix it is reintroduced back into the breeding pool and that Lasix is a PED (performance enhancing drug) and the public is aware of this. The industry needs to address these concerns.
Hall of Fame trainer Hollendorfer told to vacate stalls at Santa Anita, Golden Gate
June 22, 2019
Jerry Hollendorfer was told by The Stronach Group he would no longer be granted stalls or entries at the company’s racetracks after the death of American Currency following a workout in June.
Track veterinarians believed Hollendorfer to have demonstrated negligence, and that he asked a veterinarian to sign a form to work a horse off the vet’s list and threatened the veterinarian if the person didn’t cooperate.
One day after being notified by The Stronach Group that he was no longer welcome to stable or race at any of the company’s racetracks (Santa Anita and Golden Gate in California, Laurel and Pimlico in Maryland and Gulfstream Park in Florida) Hollendorfer got the green light from the New York Racing Association to stable and participate at Aqueduct, Belmont Park and Saratoga.
Milkshaking at Santa Anita
July 5, 2019
On March 9, when Santa Anita Park was re-opening after 3 weeks shutdown following the deaths of almost 2 dozen horses, California regulators watched a live surveillance feed of a trainer’s assistant carrying a bucket into the stall of a horse named Tick Tock. Moments after the assistant left, a white foam was visible on the horse’s lips, a telltale sign of performance-enhancing drugs.
Investigators later found syringes in the bucket, along with a fatigue-fighting agent known in racing as a milkshake.
The news that investigators believed Tick Tock had received such a concoction — before the first race on the first day of the track’s return to racing, no less — is indicative of the dysfunction that has enveloped Santa Anita the past six months, a period when horses had to be euthanized after suffering fractures at an alarming rate. Thirty horses have suffered this fate since Dec. 26 at Santa Anita.
Suspected sea snail venom used on racehorse in Oz
July 10, 2019
A deadly venom found in sea snails which can paralyse fish within a second has emerged as the latest chemical suspected to have infiltrated horse racing. Racing NSW and Racing Victoria officials confirmed they had started screening for the mystery drug, which has subtypes known to be infinitely stronger than morphine. It can also be extracted to be used for therapeutic purposes on humans in the form of the conotoxin-based Prialt.
Apparently, the sea snail venom was imported into Australia and used to manage pain in horses suspected to have raced in both the thoroughbred and harness codes.
Gorajec, the former executive director of the Indiana Horse Racing Commission, points out that common medication overages are placed in the RCI penalty classification C. Those “points” accrued by trainer violations are erased every year, so technically a trainer could have eight or nine annual medication violations and not face any additional punishment — meaning he or she can repeat the same behavior year after year.
For those that don’t understand the power of some of these so called “therapeutic” drugs, such as Bute, most of these class 4 drugs only carry a half a point. Additional penalties begin when a trainer reaches five points. So, a trainer could have nine positive tests in a year for these common drugs (4.5 points) and serve no additional time. Change is overdue.
Del Mar starts its summer meet with two kills
July 18, 2019
Two horses suffered fatal injuries Thursday morning after colliding in an accident during training hours at Del Mar racetrack in California, which just opened its Summer Season of racing on July 17.
Charge a Bunch, an unraced 2-year-old colt trained by Carla Gaines, threw rider Giovanni Franco and ran the wrong way down the track. Charge a Bunch then collided with Carson Valley, an unraced 3-year-old gelding trained by Bob Baffert who was working in the opposite direction.
Del Mar claimed that the horses were euthanized shortly after the accident but later clarified that the horses were killed in the collision, as verified by Dr. Rick Arthur, a veterinarian with the California Racing Board. Arthur stated that the clinical examination of the horses showed that both suffered cervical fractures and were both dead on the racetrack.
Ready for Change: Top Thoroughbred trainers voice support for Horseracing Integrity Act
That said, of the top 20 trainers by purse earnings in North America in 2019, 17 of them are in effect opposed to improving testing integrity. Here they are, some of the usual suspects, shame them: Chad C. Brown, Steve Asmussen, Mark Casse, Brad Cox, Bill Mott, Jason Servis, Bob Baffert, Karl Broberg, Mike Maker, Mike McCarthy, Doug O’Neill, Linda Rice, Richard Baltas, Jorge Navarro, Robertino Diodoro, Jerry Hollendorfer, and Tom Amoss. You’re either part of the solution or you’re part of the problem.
4th horse killed at Del Mar
August 18, 2019
A 3-year-old racehorse was euthanized after a training injury in Del Mar. The 3-year-old filly, Bri Bri, suffered a serious pelvis injury, but they did not immediately clarify when the injury occurred.
She was the 4th horse killed in during Del Mar’s summer season.
Two horses were killed July 18 in what was termed a freak accident by the track when a two-year old threw his rider and collided head-on with a three-year old, also during a morning workout. On July 29, a three-year old filly broke down during training after a leg injury and subsequently euthanized.
Bob Baffert, Justify and the Triple Crown
September 12, 2019
Having spent the first six months of the year under intense media scrutiny as 30 horses died either racing or training at Santa Anita, U.S. racing suffered another immense blow to its reputation when it emerged that Justify, last year’s Triple Crown winner, tested positive for a banned substance after winning the Santa Anita Derby, the race in which he qualified to run in the Kentucky Derby.
The horse tested positive for a potentially performance-enhancing drug after winning the Santa Anita Derby. Justify went on to win the Kentucky Derby, The Preakness and The Belmont to become Bob Baffert’s second Triple Crown winner in four seasons.
But without the win at Santa Anita, there would have been no Kentucky Derby for Justify, and thus no Triple Crown. Baffert knew this, as others did, but “mums the word” so to say.
Accidental contamination is a possible explanation for Justify’s positive, however the level of scopolamine in his system was well above the threshold level and, according to a vet quoted by the NYT, suggestive of “intentional intervention”.
Baffert requested a second test to confirm, but results came back after the Derby, again showing the high level of scopolamine. At this point, the CHRB’s disciplinary system should have stepped in. But no charge was ever laid against Baffert.
Only a few people knew the secret that Baffert carried with him into the winner’s circle the day he won the Belmont – Justify had failed a drug test weeks before the first race in the Triple Crown, the Kentucky Derby. That meant Justify should not have run in the Derby, if the sport’s rules were followed.”
“. . . . if the sport’s rules were followed.” But they don’t follow the rules, do they? And in the case of Justify’s doping prior to the Derby, documents reviewed by The New York Times show they did not enforce the rules in the case of Baffert and his horse.
Instead, a month after Justify became the first Triple Crown winner to retire undefeated, a closed meeting of the CHRB committee – chaired by Chuck Winner, who has shares in Baffert-trained horses – effectively voted to simply forget it ever happened.
The CHRB decision was both cowardly and reckless – caught in an apparent cover-up. And look whose horse it was – speaks volumes.
Racehorse found dumped at landfill
September 27, 2019
After receiving disturbing information and photographs from a concerned whistleblower, PETA is calling for an immediate criminal investigation into the death of a horse whose body was found dumped atop a heap of trash at Brooke County Landfill in West Virginia on September 27.
PETA suspects that the horse is an 8-year-old Thoroughbred mare named Bridget Moloney. Markings on the dead horse as well as the racing leg wraps on her body match those worn by Bridget Moloney during her last race at the nearby Mountaineer Casino Racetrack.
Bridget Moloney was “vanned off” during a race on the Mountaineer track on September 25, according to notes from Equibase, a racing industry website. Removal from the track via a transport van usually means that the horse was seriously injured.
A Mountaineer representative told the whistleblower that prior to her death, the horse dumped at the landfill was severely agitated and acted erratically and that she had slammed her head against the stall walls, sustaining a fatal head injury. A PETA staff member called the track to confirm this but was not given any additional information.
CHRB suspends trainer John Martin after 3 horses test positive
October 2, 2019
Southern California owner/trainer John Martin of Marina del Ray was suspended by the CHRB for one year by Golden Gate Fields stewards after three horses in his care tested positive for a banned drug. Half of the suspension was stayed as long as no other serious medication violations are committed by Martin.
Martin, who has 1,941 victories in 7,631 starts, according to Equibase, also was fined $20,000.
Three horses Martin ran at Golden Gate Fields in Albany and the Big Fresno Fair tested positive for ergoloid mesylates, state officials said. Ergoloid mesylates are used to treat Alzheimer’s and certain mood disorders in humans, and are thought to be used in racing as an anti-bleeding treatment.
Illegal horse racing track busted in Parker County, Texas
October 9, 2019
Ten people were arrested at an illegal horse-racing track in Parker County. The Texas Department of Public Safety, Parker County Sheriff’s Department and several other agencies took part in the operation where they found drugs, large syringes, drug paraphernalia and shocking devices.
The large syringes were being tested for illegal performance-enhancing substances that allow horses to be pushed to their limits, but also cause serious health conditions and often death.
The bust followed several weeks of investigation.
Australian racehorse slaughter allegations prompt investigation
Queensland authorities sent inspectors to one of the abattoirs named by ABC’s 7.30 programme. The report alleged that 300 racehorses were killed there over a 22-day period. It also broadcast covertly taken footage which appeared to show horses being beaten and mistreated in other ways.
Breeders Cup Classic: Mongolian Groom the 37th racehorse to die at Santa Anita since last December
November 2, 2019
Mongolian Groom — a heavily raced 4-year old gelding — is the 37th horse to die at the Santa Anita racecourse since December amid mounting outrage and concern over horse safety at the track.
After breaking down in the stretch of the Breeders’ Cup Classic (G1) and suffering a catastrophic injury to his left hind leg, Mongolian Groom was vanned off and euthanized shortly thereafter at the equine hospital at Santa Anita Park.
During their evaluation at the equine hospital at Santa Anita, they observed a serious fracture to his left hind limb. Radiographs were taken and a complete evaluation was performed.
“Given the extent of the injury, Dr. Carpenter, in consultation with Dr. Wayne McIlwraith, veterinary surgeon and professor emeritus at Colorado State University; Dr. Rick Arthur, equine medical director of the California Horse Racing Board; and attending veterinarian Dr. Vince Baker, recommended humane euthanasia of Mongolian Groom.”
California trainers struggle with what lies ahead
November 3, 2019
In the aftermath of the death of Mongolian Groom after the Breeders’ Cup Classic, anxieties within the racing community deepened — especially in Southern California, where Sen. Dianne Feinstein issued a challenge to the sport before the Breeders’ Cup to keep the races fatality free. On the Sunday after the Breeders’ Cup, the trainers who call Santa Anita home voiced concern and determination for the sport’s future.
Feinstein renews call for racing to be suspended at Santa Anita Park
November 4, 2019
Senator Dianne Feinstein (D-Calif.) released the following statement after Mongolian Groom was euthanized due to injuries sustained while racing in the Breeders’ Cup Classic at Santa Anita in Arcadia, Calif.
“It breaks my heart to hear that another horse died because of injuries sustained during the Breeders’ Cup at Santa Anita Racetrack. This year, 37 horses have died at Santa Anita, seven of those since racing resumed in September. That’s simply unacceptable. This problem is not unique to Santa Anita. More than 3,000 horses have died at California racetracks in the past two decades, and thousands more at racetracks throughout the country. Unfortunately, most states lack sufficient reporting requirements, so we may never know the exact numbers of horses that die nation-wide as part of the horse racing industry. This is a gap that should be closed.” Read more: https://tuesdayshorse.wordpress.com/tag/horse-deaths/
Citing the death of Mongolian Groom at the Breeders Cup, she renewed her call for horse racing to be suspended at Santa Anita.
“With continued racetrack deaths, it’s clear that not enough has changed, so I renew that call.’’
Veterinarian Allday: Breeders’ Cup made a mistake with Mongolian Groom
November 13, 2019
By the time Dr. Steve Allday was interviewed by radio host Steve Byk, concerns had already surfaced about the condition of Breeders’ Cup Classic contestant Mongolian Groom before the race
The Breeders’ Cup, which had a team of 30 veterinarians on site to augment the pre-race exam process, has declined to provide details on the horse’s exam history or specify whether he had been flagged by veterinarians. The California Horse Racing Board also declined to comment.
RMTC approves new restrictions on non-steroidal anti-inflammatories
November 20, 2019
The Racing Medication and Testing Consortium (RMTC) board approved further regulations and stacking prohibitions, as well as corresponding threshold and penalty recommendations, for non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and intra-articular (IA) injections.
The RMTC board has recommend a 48-hour Restricted Administration Time policy for all NSAIDs. Currently, the administration of one NSAID is permitted between 24 and 48 hours prior to a race, with all others discontinued by 48 hours. The board also voted that the detection of more than one NSAID would constitute a “stacking” violation, in addition to the violation associated with the detection of each additional NSAID.
California Chrome is off to Japan
November 22, 2019
The California Chrome Syndicate reached an agreement with the JS Company of Japan to purchase California Chrome.
The two-time Horse of the Year and 8-year-old son of Lucky Pulpit will stand at Arrow Stud on Hokkaido. Arrow Stud also stands U.S. champion Shanghai Bobby and U.S. classic-placed group 2 winner Lani.
As part of the agreement, the California Chrome Syndicate has the first right of refusal if the stallion is ever sold. Upon retirement from breeding, he can live out the remainder of his life at Taylor Made. Owners Perry and Denise Martin plan to continue to participate in California Chrome’s breeding career in Japan.
Grayson Project: Lasix 24 hours out shows ‘great promise’ to replace race-day medication
November 24, 2019
The debate of race-day furosemide is once again in the news. Trainers always say how inhumane it would be to not allow a horse that has experienced exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhage (EIPH) to receive furosemide (Lasix). The public does not understand why we tell them that horses love to run on their own, yet we give more than 95% of horses a drug on race day that certain groups claim that horses need to be able to run.
Earlier this year the second of two projects funded by Grayson-Jockey Club Research Foundation that examined furosemide administration at 24 hours prior to a race was published in the Journal of Veterinarian Internal Medicine, and Grayson believes there is a way forward.
Results from the simulated races show that for horses that are known bleeders, the low-dose furosemide administered at 24 hours prior to post with maintenance water has great promise as a replacement to the current four-hour administration of furosemide. These findings are encouraging and indicate that Lasix is capable of attenuating EIPH for a longer duration than traditionally believed.
Former British Trainer: Too many things in U.S. racing ‘seemingly designed to harm the horse’
November 26, 2019
At a Thoroughbred Racing Commentary, former British racehorse trainer Patrick Gilligan took a dim view of the current approach in U.S. racing. First and foremost, Gilligan notes that nearly everything that’s done in U.S. racing is “seemingly designed to harm the horse in some way”.
He sites the strict left-hand galloping, day after day, after day given that horses are designed to run in straight lines and are likely to be harmed by the repetitive, galloping left-handed on a daily basis that paces more torsional stress on the pastern and cannon bone.
He also criticizes dirt tracks and is in favor of synthetic surfaces and claims that if a horse bleeds to an extent it negatively impacts performance, that the animal is not fit for purpose. “Retire it, find it another life. Do not breed from it. The old adage is breed the best to the best and hope for the best — not breed the unsound bleeder to the unsound bleeder and find some stronger meds.”
RSPCA NSW admits it sends racehorses to slaughter
December 6, 2019
The RSPCA (Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals – AU) has admitted for the first time it sends broken-down racehorses to slaughterhouses in New South Wales where their carcasses are processed into pet food.
The animal welfare body has been one of the strongest critics of thoroughbreds being sent to abattoirs and knackeries once they are retired from the racing industry.
RSPCA New South Wales told Daily Mail Australia it sometimes sent stock including thoroughbreds for commercial slaughter if no other option was available.
Kentucky horse racing passes raceday Lasix ban and more
December 10, 2019
The Kentucky Horse Racing Commission (KHRC) passed a ban on the race-day administration of Lasix. Calls for the ban come after more than three dozen horses perished at Santa Anita over a 10-month span.
The ban takes effect in 2020 for all 2-year-old horses and in 2021 any horse in a stakes race cannot receive the drug the day of the competition. The newly approved medication reforms were backed by a number of industry stakeholders nationwide with the prospect of improving safety in the sport.
More illegal horse racing discovered in Texas
December 19, 2019
Nine people were indicted on Dec. 19 by a Parker County grand jury for operating an illegal horse racing meet in Springtown, Texas, located 30 miles northwest of Fort Worth.
The Parker County Sheriff’s Office, Texas Department of Public Safety Criminal Investigations Division, Texas Racing Commission and other agencies discovered the illegal horse racing in October.
Dozens of horses were involved, some racing more than twice during the same weekend. Police confiscated an unspecified amount of cash and also recovered a number of syringes, drug paraphernalia and electrical shocking devices used to stimulate horses to run faster.
California prosecutor finds no crime in Santa Anita horse racing deaths
December 21, 2019
A California prosecutor found no evidence of animal cruelty or other crimes during an investigation into a spike in horse deaths at Santa Anita Park racetrack over the past year. There was no evidence that owners, trainers or jockeys intentionally made an injured horse race or that the track had pressured jockeys or trainers to race when there were concerns about weather or the track condition. However, eight drugs were found in several of the horses that died, but none was illegal and quantities didn’t exceed legal limits.
A task force formed by the Los Angeles district attorney looked at a decade’s worth of data and found that 49 horses died at Santa Anita Park during the 12-month period ending in June, fewer than the 71 who perished in 2011-12 but more than the 37 who died in 2010-11.
The investigation was one of several actions taken after 23 horse deaths at the California track during the winter-spring season from Dec. 30 to March 31 caused an outcry that included calls to shut down horse racing in the state, regulatory changes and proposed legislation.
Many however, are not satisfied by the state of racing in the U.S. and the pervasive use of drugs, whether they be therapeutic or not.
“Political action committee Animal Wellness Action said it was encouraged no criminal wrongdoing was found and applauded Lacey’s recommendations.
“But doping remains legal in California, and across the U.S., and American horse racing is addicted to drugs,” said executive director Marty Irby. “It’s time for an intervention, and Congress must soon pass the Horseracing Integrity Act to reform the industry or the public sentiment will continue to shift away from merely eliminating doping in horse racing to eliminating horse racing itself.”
62% of Americans think less favorably of racing after 2019
December 26, 2019
After a tumulutuous year in NA racing, a survey conducted by Ispos, a leading market research firm, concluded that widely publicized rachorse deaths left 62% of respondents with at least a “somewhat less favorable” impression of horse racing in 2019.
The survey “found that when horses die from race-related injuries,” 34% of respondents were left with “a lot less favorable” view of the sport, while 28% had a “somewhat less favorable” impression.” Another 37% indicated the deaths did not change their opinion of racing.
Also polled about government involvement in racing, more than 53% of respondents said they support federal legislation to regulate drugs, with that a positive for the Horseracing Integrity Act that has gained bi-partisan backing in the U.S. House of Representatives. 31% of respondents said they weren’t sure about federal legislation, while 16% opposed it.
Peter Moody proposes industry ‘knackery’ for Oz’s racehorses
December 31, 2019
Victoria’s former top trainer Peter Moody believes the racing industry should consider operating its own facility to humanely manage the end of life process for retired racehorses that cannot be rehomed.
“Let’s be realistic. Not all horses can be rehomed or train to different disciplines. Why not have an industry knackery for want of a better description to manage and handle horse’s welfare as humanly as possible. RSPCA puts down thousands of animals each year.”
Why not have an industry knackery? Humane and knackery in the same sentence? This is racing. Enough said.
Written and Researched by JANE ALLIN
FEATURED IMAGE: Mongolian Groom. Sports Illustrated.
MORE and more doctors who prescribe Premarin® are arguing with us that the menopausal drug no longer contains conjugated equine estrogens derived from pregnant mare’s urine. Huh?
The idea doctors most often cite in support of this belief is what it says on the drugs’ packaging, that Premarin® is made from “conjugated estrogens” where it used to say “conjugated equine estrogens”. Removing the word equine is something Pfizer pressed the FDA to do shortly we believe after they merged with or acquired Wyeth pharamaceuticals, adding these drugs to their portfolio. The removal of the word equine is obviously having its desired effect.
Well dear doctors. A quick check on the internet should assure you that the Premarin® family of drugs including Duavee (originally called Aprela) which we don’t hear much of, has and assuredly always will be made with CEE’s — conjugated equine estrogens.
Conjugated estrogens (CEs), or conjugated equine estrogens (CEEs), sold under the brand name Premarin (a contraction of “pregnant mares’ urine”) among others, is an estrogen medication which is used in menopausal hormone therapy and for various other indications. Read more »
PREMARIN® (conjugated estrogens tablets, USP) for oral administration contains a mixture of conjugated estrogens purified from pregnant mares’ urine and consists of the sodium salts of water-soluble estrogen sulfates blended to represent the average composition of material derived from pregnant mares’ urine. Be sure to check out the side effects. They include endometrial cancer, cardiovascular disorders, breast cancer and probably dementia. Read more »
Conjugated Equine Estrogens (CEEs) are derived from the urine of pregnant mares and contain a blend of at least 10 estrogen derivatives. Marketed under the brand name Premarin, CEEs are the most frequently used form of conjugated estrogens.
All estrogen products mimic the effects of endogenous estrogens in the body which are responsible for the development and maintenance of the female reproductive system and secondary sexual characteristics.
Conjugated estrogens, or Conjugated Equine Estrogens (CEEs) are composed of a mixture of the water-soluble salts of sulfate esters from estrone, equilin, 17 α-dihydroequilin, and other related steroids that are purified from pregnant horse urine. Available as the product Premarin (FDA), this combination of equine-derived estrogenic compounds is indicated for the following conditions: treatment of moderate to severe vasomotor symptoms and vulvovaginal atrophy associated with menopause; hypoestrogenism due to hypogonadism, castration or primary ovarian failure; palliation of metastatic breast cancer; palliation of advanced androgen-dependent carcinoma of the prostate; and for prevention of postmenopausal osteoporosis. Read more »
Premarin is a pharmaceutical preparation containing a mixture of water-soluble, conjugated estrogens derived wholly or in part from URINE of pregnant mares or synthetically from ESTRONE and EQUILIN. It contains a sodium-salt mixture of estrone sulfate (52-62%) and equilin sulfate (22-30%) with a total of the two between 80-88%. Other concomitant conjugates include 17-alpha-dihydroequilin, 17-alpha-estradiol, and 17-beta-dihydroequilin. The potency of the preparation is expressed in terms of an equivalent quantity of sodium estrone sulfate. Read more »
Send this letter whether you are male or female. Doctors are known to use Premarin® intervenously to prevent bleeding during surgery. So you may be treated with Premarin® without even knowing it or giving your permission. More to come on that so stay tuned here.
In the meantime, share far and wide. Save the horses!
The biggest challenge outside of the US is educating the Chinese who produce more pregnant mare’s urine and prescribe it more than anyone else in the world according to a recent source in China. And the Chinese love horse meat. So the two — Premarin® and horse slaughter — continues to go hand in hand.
In the meantime, doctors in the US are still prescribing and using the Premarin® family drugs at an alarming rate and seemingly unaware of the history and multiple dangers associated with this despicable drug.
“Nothing has been, or ever will be, appealing or beneficial about the PMU industry and the Premarin family of drugs; they are clearly harbingers of death from both sides of the equation”.
– JANE ALLIN